We understand that the topic of regulator stations probably doesn’t come up too often. We’d be surprised if most people knew what they were.
So, what is a gas regulator station, and why is it so important?
A gas regulator station works hard to ensure that proper gas flow and pressure flow through devices correctly; too much pressure can lead to dangerous consequences, such as explosions, property damage, or injuries to others.
The Purpose of Gas Regulation Stations
A gas regulation station is a facility that includes multiple regulators that help reduce gas pressure to the appropriate amount of pressure for customers around different residential, commercial, and industrial sectors.
When it comes to natural gas distribution pipelines, they tend to operate at higher elevated pressures, which help the gas travel longer distances through a well-crafted network of pipes. High pressure is more suitable for long distances but is unsuitable for end-users and requires reduction from the regulator stations so customers can receive and use the natural gas.
Complicated? A little, but here’s more info:
As the demand for the regulator system increases, the regulator flow will also rise, whereas when the system decreases, the regulator flow will reduce. The regulator consistently attempts to match the flow of gas through the station to meet the demand, all while maintaining the appropriate amount of pressure.
How Does a Gas Regulator Work?
Gas enters the regulator’s chamber and puts pressure on the diaphragm. The diaphragm then moves upward as controlled by the set spring attached to a rod that runs down from the set screw. This function allows a specific flow of gas to the appliance or device. Adjusting the control knob will determine the flow and the pressure. Turning the knob one way will push the diaphragm down and allow more gas into the valve. Turning the opposite way will reduce the amount of gas and pressure.
Now imagine that on a larger scale. That’s where regulator stations come in and provide natural gas for numerous customers.
How Does It Differ From a Pressure Regulator?
Pressure regulators tend to work through the same motions as natural gas regulators. When pressurized gas enters the regulator system, it pushes up against the diaphragm and brings tension onto the spring. The diaphragm moves up as far as the spring allows. Once it reaches its maximum closure, the diaphragm will regulate until the natural gas pressure stops flowing. The valve at the bottom of the rod closes off the gas flow once in the closed position.
How Does Natural Gas Get Delivered into a City Distribution System?
In many cases, construction projects are responsible for creating pipeline systems that deliver gas to entire cities. Gas transportation goes through many physical facilities, like pipes, valves, compressor units, metering stations, regulator stations, delivery stations, holders, and fabricated assemblies.
The gas then moves off the pipeline into distribution systems. The pipeline has a volume measurement station to assess how much volume is moved from the pipes and into your system. Most measuring stations have EFM (electronic flow measurement) for accuracy.
It’s through these distribution systems that gas is provided to end-user customers.
Are you planning your own pipeline system and require the help of experienced commercial utility contractors to install a regulation system? Contact the team at DUB-L-EE. We can provide an array of services for commercial construction projects, including gas, water, sewer, and storm systems.